Latin name: Acacia nilotica
English name: Babul tree, Indian Gum Arabic tree
Sanskrit name: Barbara, Vavari
Indian name: Babul
Medicinal parts used: Bark or gum, Leaves, Resin, Root, Seed pods and Root
Acacia nilotica is a tree 5-20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum. The tree has thin, straight, light, grey spines in axillary pairs, usually in 3 to 12 pairs, 5 to 7.5 cm long in young trees, mature trees commonly without thorns.
Babul tree grows wild in deciduous forest throughout India.
- In West Africa, the bark or gum is used to treat cancers and/or tumors (of ear, eye, or testicles) and indurations of liver and spleen, condylomas, and excess flesh.
- Sap or bark, leaves, and young pods are strongly astringent due to tannin, and are chewed in Senegal as an antiscorbutic.
- Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, pyorrhea, stomatitis, wounds, hemorrhage, ulcers, dysentery, diarrhea, skin diseases, burning sensation, cough, and dental caries.