KALMEGH, Andrographis paniculata


Latin name:               Andrographis paniculata

English name:               The Creat

Sanskrit name:         Bhunimba, Yavatikta

Indian name:             Kalmegh

Medicinal parts used: Leaves and Roots

Andrographis paniculata is an herbaceous plant native to India and Sri Lanka. It is widely cultivated in southern Asia, where it is used to treat infections and some diseases, often being used before antibiotics were created. It is given for fever along with several herbs.

It is an erect annual herb. Stem is dark green, quadrangular with longitudinal furrows and wings on the angles of the younger parts and slightly enlarged at the nodes. The leaves are glabrous, dark green, arranged opposite decussate, lanceolate and pinnate. The flowers are small, in lax spreading axillaries and terminal racemes or panicles. The capsules are linear-oblong and acute at both ends. The seeds are numerous, sub-quadrate and yellowish brown in color.

Therapeutic use:

  • Promotes digestion and protects the liver and gall bladder.
  • Kills intestinal worms & support intestine.
  • Protects skin from pimples.
  • Pain killer, reduces swelling and cuts down exudation from capillaries.
  • Fights bacterial activity. Although Andrographis appears to have weak direct antibacterial action, it has remarkably beneficial effect in reducing diarrhea and symptoms arising from bacterial infections.
  • Promotes mucus discharge from the respiratory system.
  • Blood sugar reducer, immune enhancement.
  • Aids bowel elimination and a relaxing herb.



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