CROWN FLOWER, Calotropis gigantea


Latin name: Calotropis gigantea

English name:       Crown flower

Sanskrit name: Arka, Tulaphala, Kshiraparna, Arkaparna

Medicinal parts used: Roots, Root bark, Leaves and Flowers

Calotropis gigantean is a species of Calotropis, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India and China. It is a large shrub growing to 4 m tall. It has clusters of waxy flowers that are either white or lavender in colour. Each flower consists of five pointed petals and a small, elegant “crown” rising from the centre, which holds the stamens. The plant has oval, light green leaves and milky stem.

Therapeutic use:

  • Calotropis is used as a traditional medicinal plant with unique properties. Traditionally, calotropis is used alone or with other medicinals to treat common disease such as fevers, rheumatism, indigestion, cough, cold, eczema, asthma, elephantiasis, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • According to Ayurvedic medicine, dried whole plant is a good tonic, expectorant, depurative, and anthelmintic.
  • The dried root bark is a substitute for ipecacuanha.
  • The root bark is febrifuge, anthelmintic, depurative, expectorant, and laxative.
  • The powdered root used in asthma, bronchitis, and dyspepsia.
  • The leaves are useful in the treatment of paralysis, arthralegia, swellings, and intermittent fevers.
  • The flowers are bitter, digestive, astringent, stomachic, anthelmintic, and tonic.
  • Calotropis is also a reputed Homeopathic drug.

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