Latin name: Bauhinia purpurea
English names: Geranium tree, Camel’s foot, Butterfly tree
Sanskrit name: Kanchan
Indian name: Kachnar, Sona
Medicinal parts used: Bark
Bauhinia purpurea is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to South China (which includes Hong Kong) and south eastern Asia. In the United States of America, the tree grows in Hawaii, coastal California, southern Texas, and southwest Florida. Common names include Hong Kong Orchid Tree, Purple camel’s foot, and Hawaiian orchid tree.
It is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 17 m tall. The leaves are 10-20 cm long and broad, rounded, and bilobed at the base and apex. The flowers are conspicuous, pink and fragrant, with five petals. The fruit is a pod 30 cm long, containing 12 to 16 seeds.
Bauhinia purpurea extract is made from the gum of the bark and is used for medicinal purposes.
- The bark is used for tumour in stomach.
- The flower powder is used as laxative.
- Animal studies have shown that when combined with Ashwaganda root extract, it supports the healthy regulation of the thyroid hormone.