COUNTRY FIG, Ficus racemosa


Latin name: Ficus racemosa

English name: Country fig, Cluster fig

Sanskrit name: Udumbara, Krimiphala, Jantuphala, Sevya

Indian name: Umar, Gular

Medicinal parts used: Bark, Root, Latex, Fruits

Ficus Racemosa is a moderate sized deciduous tree that grows up to 20 meters in height. Leaves are simple, alternate, ovate or elliptic, acute, and glabrous; receptacles small subglobose or piriform, in large clusters from old nodes of main trunk. Green colored and turns to reddish when ripe.

It grows wild throughout India.

Therapeutic use:

  • According to Ayurveda, roots are useful in hydrophobia whereas bark is acrid, cooling, galactagogue and good for gynecological disorders.
  • Fruits are astringent to bowels, styptic, tonic and useful in the treatment of leucorrhoea, blood disorders, burning sensation, fatigue, urinary discharges, leprosy, menorrhagia, epistaxis and intestinal worms.
  • According to Unani system of medicine, leaves are astringent to bowels and good in case of bronchitis whereas fruits are useful in treatment of dry cough, loss of voice, diseases of kidney and spleen.
  • Bark is useful in Asthma and piles.
  • Latex is applied externally on chronic infected wounds to alleviate edema, pain and to promote the healing.
  • The tender leaf buds are applied on the skin, in the form of paste, to improve the complexion.


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