NAGBALA, Grewia hirsuta


Latin name:           Grewia hirsuta

English name: Veronicalolia

Sanskrit name: Nagbala

Indian name: Kukurbicha, Kakarunda

Medicinal parts used: Roots

Nagbala is a shrub or small trees, with branchlets coarsely gray-brown hairy. Leaf stalks are 2-3 mm long, tomentose. Leaves are lance-shaped, 6-14 cm long, 2-3.5 cm wide, leathery, black-brown when dried, velvety. Lateral basal veins are up to 1/2 as long as leaf blade, lateral veins 4-5 pairs, base narrow, shallowly heart-shaped, margin toothed, tip long pointed or rarely blunt. White flowers are borne in cymes 1-5 per leaf axil, 3- or 4-flowered. Stalk of the cyme is 3-7 mm, velvety. Flower stalk is 3-5 mm, velvety. Bracts are lance-shaped, 3-4 mm. Sepals are narrowly lance-shaped, 6-7 × 1.5 mm. Petals are narrowly ovate, and about 3 × 1.5 mm. Stamens are 4-5 mm. Style is longer than stamens, stigma 4-lobed. Drupe is globose or 2-lobed, sparsely coarsely hairy; drupelets 2 per lobe.

Therapeutic use:

  • It is useful as nervine tonic, brain tonic, demulcent, anti-acidic, expectorant, antipyretic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, carminative and cardiac tonic.
  • It is alternative and restorative (promotive) and has analgesic action.
  • The drupes are given in diarrhoea and dysentery.
  • A paste or root in water is applied to wounds to to hasten suppuration and as a dressing of wounds.
  • It is used for coughs, wounds and dyspnoea (root), heart disease and fever (plant).

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