MUSAKANI, Merremia gangetica


Latin name: Merremia gangetica

English name: Undikarni

Sanskrit name: Akhukarni

Indian name: Musakani, Undikarni

Medicinal parts used: Whole plant

Musakani is a prostate, much-branched Indian medicinal plant. This glabrous plant is a sparsely pubescent perennial vine that often roots at the nodes. The leaves of the plant are kidney-shaped to broadly ovate. The plant is commonly found in damp, grassy habitats in the upper Gangetic plain, Bihar and West Bengal in India. It is also found southwards through peninsular India to Tamil Nadu up to 900m elevation.

Musakani plant has a large number of medicinal properties and usages and it is being used in different Indian traditional treatment methods for several years.

Therapeutic use:

  • The plant is considered as cooling, anthelmintic, laxative and carminative.
  • The Ayurvedic practitioners consider a decoction of the plant to act as deobstruent, diuretic and alterative.
  • A decoction is also used for treating rheumatism, neuralgia and headache.
  • The decoction is used in the treatment of the diseases of kidney, bladder, heart and lungs, fevers, strangury, urethral discharges, anaemia and leukoderma, and for resolving tumours as well.
  • The leaf juice of the plant is prescribed for migraine and as an eardrop to get relief from abscesses and ulcers.
  • A mixture of the root and powdered leaves of musakani plant and flowers is applied externally to relieve swellings.
  • They use a decoction of the whole plant in the treatment of cough, headache, neuralgia and rheumatism and they also use the powdered leaves as a snuff during epileptic seizures.


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