BOWSTRING HEMP, Sanserviana roxburghiana


Latin name:   Sanserviana roxburghiana

English name: Bowstring hemp

Sanskrit name: Moorva

Indian name: Murva

Medicinal parts used: Leaves, Shoots, Roots stocks

Sanserviana roxburghiana is an herbaceous perennial with short stem and a stout rootstock. The leaves are erect, fleshy, fibrous and flat; some varieties are cylindrical or concave above, rounded dorsally, sub-erect, dagger-shaped, rigid, pale-green with transverse bands of dark green, 0.5 to 1.5 meters long, 4-7 cm wide. The flowers are pale-colored, numerous, in facsicles of 3 to 6, numerous, sweet-scented, 2.5 to 3 cm long. Fruit is sparingly produced, globose, about 8 mm diameter. Seeds are ovoid and white.

Therapeutic use:

  • The roasted leaves are used as an emollient.
  • Rootstocks are used for cough.
  • Juice of tender shoots is used to clear phlegm.
  • It is also used as febrifuge, tonic and purgative.

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