JAMUN, Syzygium cumini

JAMUN


Latin name:  Syzygium cumini

English name: Java plum, Indian blackberry

Sanskrit name: Jambu

Indian name: Jamun, Jambul

Medicinal parts used: Leaves, Flowers, Seeds, and Roots

Jamun plant is originally from Indonesia and India; it now grows abundantly in Suriname. An evergreen tropical tree 50 to 100 ft. tall, with oblong opposite leaves that are smooth, glossy; they have a turpentine smell. The bark is scaly gray and the trunk forks into multiple trunks about 3 – 5′ from the ground. Jamun has fragrant white flowers in branched clusters at stem tips and purplish-black oval edible berries. The juicy fruit-pulp contains resin, gallic acid and tannin; it tastes usually from acid to fairly sweet. The somewhat astringent, jamun fruit can be utilized for juice. This berry has only one seed. Although a tropical tree, it grows easy in sub-tropical climates and can also be found in Florida, USA. Jambolan starts bearing fruit in 4 – 7 years.

All parts of the java plum can be used medicinally and it has a long tradition in alternative medicine.

Therapeutic use:

  • In India, the bark is used for anemia.
  • The bark and seed for diabetes which reduce the blood sugar level quickly and blood pressure.
  • The fruit is used for dysentery, diarrhea and abdominal pains.
  • Leaves juice for gingivitis (bleeding gums), diarrhea and fever.
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