SODIUM CITRATE

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high-blood pressure, weight-loss, laxative, enzymes, supplements at a discount price.
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SODIUM CITRATE

 

Sodium citrate is the sodium salt of citric acid.  In this sense, it is similar to calcium citrate.  Like citric acid, sodium citrate has a sour taste, as well as having a salty taste, like other salts.  Fort his reason, citrates such as sodium and calcium citrate are commonly known as sour salt (sometimes, people refer to citric acid as sour salt).  Sodium citrate is used in ice cream to keep the fat globules from sticking together.  Citrates and phosphates both have this property.   It is also an anti-coagulant.  As a sequestering agent, sodium citrate attaches to calcium ions in water, keeping them from interfering with detergents and soaps.

 

In 1914, the Belgian doctor, Albert Hustin and the Argentine physician and researcher, Luis Agota successfully used sodium citrate as an anticoagulant in blood transfusions.  It continues to be used today in blood collection tubes and for the preservation of blood in

 

blood banks.  The citrate ion chelates calcium ions in the blood by forming calcium citrate complexes, disrupting the blood clotting mechanism.  Recently, Oopvik, et al. showed that use of sodium citrate (0.5 grams per kg of body weight) improved running performance over 5 km by 30 seconds.

 

Sodium citrate is used to relieve discomfort in urinary tract infections such as cystitis, to reduce the acidosis seen in distal renal tubular acidosis, and can also be used as a osmotic laxative.

 

Sodium citrate is chiefly used a s a food additive E331, usually for flavor or as a preservative.  Sodium citrate is employed as a flavoring agent in certain varieties of club soda.  It is also used as an acidity regulator.

 

Sodium citrate is common as an ingredient in lemon-lime and citrus  soft drinks such as Ting, Chinotto and some Ocean Spray juices, contributing to their tart tastes, and also be found in such energy drinks as Rockstar and Red Bull.

 

As a conjugate base of a weak acid, citrate can perform as a buffering agent, resisting changes in pH.  Sodium citrate is used to control acidity in some substances, such as gelatin desserts.  It can be found in the mini milk containers used with coffee machines.  The compound is the product of antacids such as Alka-Seltzer when they are dissolved in water.

 

It is used as an antacid, especially prior to anesthesia for caesarian section to reduce the risks associated with the aspiration of gastric contents.

 

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